In July 2010 UK Transport Secretary, Philip Hammond, confirmed that the ‘Plug-In Car Grant’, designed to stimulate demand for low carbon vehicles, will go ahead from January 2011.
Parsing this sentence, repeated in many news articles, you might suppose this program is about greening the fleet. But if you read the majority of the first 20 Google hits for ‘plug in car grant’ you would see it is more about economic stimulation for the auto-industry. The low-carbon part is the perfect excuse for a subsidy.
An article at puregreencars.com was clear despite its name: “Carmakers had been putting pressure on the new government to announce the electric car subsidy and had warned the UK would not be attractive for new technology auto investment without it.” No handout, no investment.
If you have read here before, you know well that fuel tax, as a mechanism to fund roads, is unsustainable, and that all programming to move us into vehicles that directly use less hydrocarbons further endanger that funding source.
Notice that the UK Government has in the past been unable to execute its oft-touted national road-pricing program, but is now prepared to take tax dollars from somewhere to subsidize the purchase of cars (albeit clean ones) hence reducing the tax base needed to build, repair and operate the roads that these new, greener cars will use. Notice that they are not paying people to take transit, bike, or move closer to work, but they are using tax money to pump up an industry that can only cause congestion levels to increase.
Drivers prefer the autonomy, convenience, privacy, and timesaving of a car. It is very hard to transition people out of cars or to move domiciles for the guilt of a few pounds of carbon that they cannot see except in the abstract. If you can subsidize switching costs, a lot of people will elect to drive a cleaner car. But why not do this with differential road-pricing rather than cash handouts? You could start voluntarily and immediately, as it turns out.
I am all for government programming to nudge us in the right direction, however, the problem is that if the car user is being encouraged with direct subsidies, he is encouraged to drive more. The resting state of a world of heavily subsidized, 100% green, single-occupant vehicles is 24-hour total gridlock.
Green-at-all-costs needs slightly more thought than this.